Projects per year
Results from exoplanet surveys indicate that small planets (super-Earth size and below) are abundant in our Galaxy. However, little is known about their interiors and atmospheres. There is therefore a need to find small planets transiting bright stars, which would enable a detailed characterization of this population of objects. We present the results of a search for the transit of the Earth-mass exoplanet $ Centauri B b with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). We observed $ Centauri B twice in 2013 and 2014 for a total of 40 h. We achieve a precision of 115 ppm per 6-s exposure time in a highly saturated regime, which is found to be consistent across HST orbits. We rule out the transiting nature of $ Centauri B b with the orbital parameters published in the literature at 96.6 per cent confidence. We find in our data a single transit-like event that could be associated with another Earth-sized planet in the system, on a longer period orbit. Our programme demonstrates the ability of HST to obtain consistent, high-precision photometry of saturated stars over 26 h of continuous observations.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Royal Astronomical Society. Monthly Notices|
|Early online date||29 Apr 2015|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Jun 2015|
- techniques: photometric, stars: individual: $ Centauri B
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- 1 Finished
Asteroseismology and Helioseismology at Birmingham and Queen Mary
Chaplin, B., Elsworth, Y. & Miglio, A.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES COUNCIL
1/04/15 → 30/09/18
Project: Research Councils