How hygiene happens: the physics and chemistry of cleaning

Peter Fryer, Grace Christian, Wei Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)


Cleaning is a commonplace but poorly understood operation in the dairy industries. This paper describes recent work to identify and quantify the critical factors that control cleaning. Experiments have used micromanipulation probes to remove deposits from surfaces; these probes can measure the force required to remove deposits, and allow simple models of cleaning to be produced.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Dairy Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2006


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