How do recovery-oriented interventions contribute to personal mental health recovery? A systematic review and logic model

Catherine Winsper, Anne Crawford-Docherty, Scott Weich, Sarah-Jane Fenton, Swaran Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)


The emergent recovery paradigm prioritises adaption to serious mental illness and a move towards personally meaningful goals. In this review, we combine a theory driven logic model approach with systematic review techniques to forward understanding of how recovery-oriented interventions can help service users in their personal recovery journey. We identified 309 studies meeting our inclusion criteria. Our logic model mapped out intervention typologies and their recovery outcomes, the mechanisms of action underpinning these links, and the contextual moderators of these mechanisms and outcomes. Interventions were associated with recovery outcomes (functional, existential and social) directly and through a sequence of processes, which were underpinned by four common mechanisms: 1) providing information and skills; 2) promoting a working alliance; 3) role modelling recovery; and 4) increasing choice. Moderators of these mechanisms were observed at the service user (e.g., motivation), mental health service (e.g., professional attitudes) and wider environmental (e.g., unemployment rates) level. Recovery-oriented interventions share common critical mechanisms, which can help propel service users towards recovery especially when delivered within pro-recovery and non-stigmatising contexts. Future studies should further examine ways to reduce (or remove) barriers preventing individuals with mental health problems from experiencing the same citizenship entitlements as everyone else.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101815
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Psychology Review
Early online date7 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Interventions
  • Logic model
  • Mechanisms
  • Personal recovery
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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