This paper examines the evolution of China's food standard-setting procedures from both domestic and international perspectives, particularly in the context of the internationalization of regulation. After the reform and opening-up in 1978, state actors and leading enterprises monopolized the process of national food standard setting. With further participation in the global economy in the 21st century, China has become familiar with the international standard-setting procedures and has modeled its domestic policymaking on these practices. This has resulted in a more transparent, inclusive, scientific, pluralized, and consensus-based form of decisionmaking. By contrast, the standards of the strategic industries have been harmonized to the standards of international counterparts through a top-down and authoritarian approach. This paper argues that China uses an accommodative approach, trichotomizing suitable standards and decisionmaking procedures in terms of inclusiveness and transparency, which suits the developmental needs of the domestic market, food export markets, and strategic industries.