OBJECTIVE: The introduction of ready-to-use lanreotide Autogel has presented the possibility of patients receiving their acromegaly treatment at home. The objective of this study was to assess the ability of patients (or their partners) to administer repeat, unsupervised, injections of lanreotide Autogel without compromising efficacy or safety. DESIGN: Multicentre (10 UK regional endocrine centres), open-label, nonrandomised, controlled study. Patients elected either to receive/administer unsupervised home injections after injection technique training (Test group) or continued to receive injections from a healthcare professional (Control group). Patients received monthly injections of lanreotide Autogel at their established dose. Effects were monitored for up to 40 weeks. PATIENTS: Thirty patients (15 per treatment group) with acromegaly treated with a stable dose of lanreotide Autogel (60, 90 or 120 mg) for > or = 4 months before screening. Measurements The main outcome measure was the proportion of patients/partners who successfully administered injections throughout the study. RESULTS: All Test group patients/partners qualified to administer injections. Fourteen of 15 patients fulfilled all criteria for successful administration of unsupervised injections (95% confidence interval, 70%-99%). Fourteen of 15 Test and 14/15 Control patients maintained growth hormone and IGF-1 control. Local injection tolerability was good for both treatment groups, and safety profiles were similar. All Test group patients continued with unsupervised injections after the study. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with acromegaly or their partners were able to administer lanreotide Autogel injections with no detrimental effect on efficacy and safety; therefore, unsupervised home injections are a viable alternative to healthcare professional injections for suitably motivated patients.