High-density direct laser deposition (DLD) of CM247LC alloy: microstructure, porosity and cracks

Prveen Bidare, Aldi Mehmeti, Amaia Jiménez, Sheng Li, Chris Garman, Stefan Dimov, Khamis Essa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nickel-based alloys are known as non-weldable materials due to their complex characteristics. Consequently, additive manufacturing of these alloys is particularly challenging. In this paper, the influence of process parameters on the porosity, crack formation and microstructure of additively manufactured CM247LC nickel-based alloy is analysed. The feasibility of the Direct Laser Deposition (DLD) process to manufacture crack-free and low-porosity CM247LC samples is studied. CM247LC samples were built on Inconel 718 that has similar chemical composition, to form hybrid superalloy parts. It was shown that crack-free and high-density CM247LC samples can be obtained through DLD without significant substrate preheating for certain parameter combinations: laser power in the range of 800-1000 W and powder feed rates between 6-8 g/min. High cost and complex pre-heating was avoided that was commonly reported as necessary to achieve similar densities. For hybrid parts, a large beam diameter and slow scan speeds were employed to achieve optimal conditions as it was evident from the achieved bonding between the Inconel 718 substrate and the deposited layers. It was observed that good bonding between the two materials can be obtained with laser power values between 800-1000 W, scanning speed higher than 300 mm/min and powder flow rates of 6-8 g/min.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Apr 2022


  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Nickel-based superalloys
  • Porosity
  • Microstructure


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