Heterogeneity of lymphoid tissue inducer cell populations present in embryonic and adult mouse lymphoid tissues

MY Kim, S Rossi, David Withers, F McConnell, Kai-Michael Toellner, Fabrina Gaspal, Eric Jenkinson, Graham Anderson, Peter Lane

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47 Citations (Scopus)


Lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells have a well established role in secondary lymphoid tissue development. Here, we report on the heterogeneity of LTi cells based on their CD4 and chemokine receptor expression. The CD4(-) LTi-cell population has a similar phenotype to the CD4(+) population, with similar chemokine-receptor-expressing subsets. In both embryonic and adult spleen the CD4(-) LTi-cell population is comparable as a proportion of total splenocytes to its CD4(+) counterpart. In contrast, different proportions of CD4(+) and CD4(-) LTi cells are found in different lymph nodes. Both CD4(+) and CD4(-) LTi cells share the anatomical location and are associated with vascular cell adhesion molecule-1-positive stromal cells in spleen and lymph nodes. The numbers of both CD4(+) and CD4(-) LTi cells in adult spleen are augmented in the presence of B cells. With the exception of CD4, there is a strong correlation coefficient (0.89) for gene expression between the two populations. Polymerase chain reaction analysis of individual CD4(+) and CD4(-) LTi cells shows that a similar proportion in embryonic and adult spleen co-expressed both CXCR5 and CCR7 or CXCR5 alone: 84.6% for adult CD4(+) and 87.6% for adult CD4(-); 95.3% for embryonic CD4(+) and 91.5% for embryonic CD4(-). Consistently fewer CCR7 single-positive cells were found in the CD4(+) and CD4(-) fractions in the embryo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-74
Number of pages9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008


  • tumour necrosis factor and tumour necrosis factor receptor family members
  • CCR7
  • CXCR5
  • lymphoid tissue inducer cell


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