Hepatoprotection with tauroursodeoxycholate and beta muricholate against taurolithocholate induced cholestasis: involvement of signal transduction pathways

Piotr Milkiewicz, Marcelo Roma, Elwyn Elias, Rachel Colman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDC) provides partial protection against taurolithocholate (TLC) induced cholestasis, possibly by inducing a signalling cascade activating protein kinase C (PKC). The potential protective effects of beta muricholic acid (beta-MC), another 7-beta-hydroxylated bile salt, have not previously been studied in TLC cholestasis. AIMS: To study the effect of beta-MC on TLC induced cholestasis and also to investigate further the effects of agents affecting intracellular signalling, notably DBcAMP (a cell permeable cAMP analogue) and several protein kinase inhibitors. METHODS: Functional studies were carried out analysing the proportion of hepatocyte couplets able to accumulate the fluorescent bile acid analogue cholyl-lysyl-fluorescein (CLF) into their sealed canalicular vacuole (cVA of CLF assay). RESULTS: It was found that both beta-MC and DBcAMP were as effective as TUDC in protecting against TLC induced cholestasis. The PKC inhibitors staurosporin and H7 but not the specific protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor KT5720 abolished the protective effects of TUDC and beta-MC. BAPTA/AM, a chelator of intracellular Ca(2+), significantly decreased the protective effect of both bile salts, and that of DBcAMP. PKC and PKA inhibitors had no effect on protection with DBcAMP. CONCLUSIONS: Beta-MC was as effective as TUDC in protecting against TLC cholestasis. Mobilisation of Ca(2+) and activation of PKC, but not of PKA, are involved in the anticholestatic effect of the two 7-beta-hydroxylated bile salts. The hepatoprotective effects of DBcAMP involved Ca(2+) mobilisation, but not PKC or PKA activation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-119
Number of pages7
JournalGut
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2002

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