Heart failure in a multiethnic population in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Aun Chong, R Rajaratnam, NR Hussein, Gregory Lip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: There are established differences in cardiovascular disease in different racial groups. Worldwide, the literature regarding the clinical epidemiology of congestive heart failure (CHF) in non-white populations is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To document the prevalence of CHF in the multiracial population of Malaysia, and to describe the clinical features and management of these patients. SETTING: Busy city centre general hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. RESULTS: Of 1435 acute medical admissions to Kuala Lumpur General Hospital over the 4-week study period, 97 patients (6.7%) were admitted with the primary diagnosis of CHF. Coronary artery disease was the main aetiology of CHF, accounting for almost half (49.5%) the patients, followed by hypertension (18.6%). However, there were variations in associated aetiological factors between ethnic groups, with diabetes mellitus affecting the majority of Indians-as well as underutilisation of standard drugs for CHF, such as the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, which were only used in 43.3%. CONCLUSION: Amongst acute medical admissions to a single centre in Malaysia the prevalence of CHF was 6.7%. Coronary artery disease was the major aetiological factor in heart failure accounting for almost half the admissions. The under-prescription of ACE inhibitors was similar to other clinical surveys carried out amongst Caucasian populations in the West.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-574
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2003


  • Malaysia
  • heart failure
  • management


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