BACKGROUND: One of the therapy goals for Crohn's disease (CD) is glucocorticoid-free remission. Studies have shown care setting-specific variations in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management.
AIMS: The principal objective of this study was to assess concordance between patient-reported and physician-reported outcomes in two different care settings (IBD centers and community practices).
METHODS: Data of overall and long-term (≥ 3 months) glucocorticoid, immunosuppressant, and biologics use in participants ≥ 18 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of CD were collected. HCPs were grouped by IBD centers and community practices. Quality of life (using EuroQol 5D [EQ-5D]) and work/activity days lost were assessed. Agreement between patients' and HCPs' responses to survey questions was tested using kappa statistics.
RESULTS: Data from 812 patients were examined. Significantly more patients versus HCPs reported oral glucocorticoid use (25.9% vs. 20.8%, κ = 0.735, P < 0.0001). Long-term use of oral glucocorticoids was similar for patients versus HCPs (67.7% vs. 63.8%, κ = 0.598, P = 0.53). Immunosuppressant use was 52.4% vs. 51.1% (κ = 0.784) and biologics use was 49.5% vs. 47.0% (κ = 0.909) for patients vs. HCPs. Patients and HCPs reported greater rates of symptom improvement with vs without biologic therapy (patients: 33.3% vs 16.8%; HCPs: 29.3% vs 13.5%, both P < 0.001). Patients with versus without routine follow-up were less likely to be treated with long-term glucocorticoid monotherapy (10.3% vs. 20.7%, P < 0.01) and had fewer lost work/activity days (5 vs. 8 days, P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients reported more oral glucocorticoid use than physicians thought. Routine follow-up and higher rates of biologic use are associated with improvement in disease symptoms and general health among patients with CD.
Bibliographical noteGhosh, S., Bressler, B., Petkau, J. et al. Dig Dis Sci (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-5419-3
- Crohn’s disease
- Patient-reported outcomes
- Physician-reported outcomes
- Quality of life
ASJC Scopus subject areas