Halogenation of Li7La3Zr2O12 solid electrolytes: a combined solid-state NMR, computational and electrochemical study

Bo Dong, abby haworth, stephen yeandel, Mark Stockham, Matthew James, Jingwei Xiu, damei wang, pooja goddard, karen johnston, Peter Slater

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Abstract

Garnet-based solid electrolytes have been proposed as promising candidates for next generation all-solid-state batteries. Whilst multiple cation substitution studies of these garnets have been undertaken to try and improve their overall performance, anion doping of garnets has rarely been attempted, owing to the synthetic challenges associated with this particular doping strategy. In this work, we present the halogenation (F, Cl) of the solid state electrolyte Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) via a low temperature solid state synthetic route using PTFE and PVC polymers. A reduction in tetragonal distortion (F incorporation) and a tetragonal to cubic phase transition (Cl incorporation) is observed in halogenated LLZO, suggesting the replacement of O2− with F or Cl is associated with the creation of lithium vacancies. Combined solid-state NMR and computational studies support the presence of F or Cl in halogenated LLZO. The effects of surface fluorination were also investigated for Al-doped LLZO (Li6.4Al0.2La3Zr2O12, LLAZO) with the results suggesting that this strategy has the ability to prevent full dendrite penetration at high current densities (up to 10 mA cm−2).
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Early online date4 May 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 May 2022

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