Guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacteria infection

Emmet McGrath, J Cabe, PM Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)


While the prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis continues to decline in the developed world, the same cannot be said for non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). These organisms are increasing in incidence and prevalence throughout the world. This is probably because of a combination of increased exposure, improved diagnostic methods and an increase in the prevalence of risk factors that predispose individuals to infection. Considerable confusion can arise in determining in the wide range of species whether an isolated NTM is in fact a contaminant or a pathogenic organism when isolated in sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage. This confusion combined with increasing requests for advice on the treatment of disease has led to the development of guidelines to assist the clinician in diagnosing and treating infection accurately.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1947-1955
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


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