Growing rice (Oryza sativa) aerobically reduces phytotoxicity, uptake, and transformation of CeO2 nanoparticles

Peng Zhang, Zhiling Guo, Fazel Abdolahpur Monikh, Iseult Lynch, Eugenia Valsami-Jones, Zhiyong Zhang

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This study compared the impact and uptake of root-administered CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in rice growing under flooded and aerobic soil conditions, which are two water regimes commonly used for rice cultivation. CeO2 NPs at 100 mg/kg improved photosynthesis and plant growth by reducing the oxidative damage and enhancing plant tolerance to stress, while a higher concentration (500 mg/kg) of CeO2 NPs negatively affected plant growth. More significant effects were observed under the flooded condition than under the aerobic condition. CeO2 NPs of 100 and 500 mg/kg resulted in 78% and 70% higher accumulation of Ce in shoots under the flooded condition compared to the aerobic condition. CeO2 NPs partially transformed to Ce(III) species in soils and plants under both conditions. A higher extent of transformation under the flooded condition, which was partly attributed to the lower soil pH and redox potential under the flooded condition, leads to higher plant uptake of Ce. A higher extent of transformation in rhizosphere soil was observed. A higher plant transpiration rate (TR) under flooded conditions resulted in a higher accumulation of CeO2 species in shoots. This study, for the first time, reported that water regimes influenced the biotransformation of CeO2 NPs and their uptake and impact in rice plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8654-8664
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number13
Early online date22 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2021


  • CeO2 nanoparticles
  • plant
  • transformation
  • uptake
  • water regime
  • rhizosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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