Google Calendar : a single case experimental design study of a man with severe memory problems

Victoria N. Baldwin, Theresa Powell

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A single case experimental design across behaviours was utilised to explore the effectiveness of Google Calendar text alerts delivered to a mobile phone as a memory aid. The participant was a 43-year-old man (JA) with severe memory problems and executive difficulties caused by a traumatic brain injury (TBI). JA was initially very unwilling to use any memory aid and so a detailed assessment of his beliefs about memory aids, his cognitive difficulties and his social context was performed and a set of specifications for an aid was produced collaboratively. Six weeks of baseline data and six weeks of intervention data were collected for three target memory behaviours and three control memory behaviours. Results were analysed using nonoverlap of all pairs (NAP) analysis which showed a reduction in forgetting in the three target behaviours and no change in two of the three control behaviours. A subjective measure (the revised Everyday Memory Questionnaire) also suggested improvement. This study illustrates that Google Calendar is a highly effective memory aid and emphasises the importance of choosing a memory aid to suit the person's lifestyle and beliefs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-636
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Issue number4
Early online date29 Sept 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Google Calendar
  • Single case experimental design
  • Prospective memory
  • Acquired brain injury


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