Among 871 high school students, 2 goal perspectives were assessed: a task-involved or mastery goal orientation and an ego-involved or social comparative perspective. Ss were divided into 5 groups: (1) those involved in organized and recreational sport, (2) those involved in organized sport only, (3) those involved in recreational sport only, (4) those who dropped out of sport, and (5) those never involved in sport. Ss indicated their preference for sport success and failure, which was mastery/social comparison-based and oriented to the individual/group. Organized sport only and organized/recreational sport participants indicated greater preference for each goal perspective than dropouts and nonparticipants. Dropouts, nonparticipants, and Ss in organized sport only placed less emphasis on mastery-based success than social comparison-based success.
|Journal||International Journal of Sport Psychology|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|