Phosphorylase kinase is a four-subunit enzyme involved in the regulation of glycogen breakdown. The traditional textbook view is that only the gamma subunit has enzymatic activity, whereas the other three subunits have a regulatory role. Evidence from homology searches and sequence alignments, however, shows that the alpha- and beta-subunits possess amino-terminal glucoamylase-like domains and suggests that they might possess a previously overlooked amylase activity. If true, this would have important implications for the understanding, diagnosis, and management of glycogen storage diseases. There is thus a clear need to test this hypothesis through enzymatic assays and structural studies.