Geometric mean extension for data sets with zeros

Roberto De La Cruz, Jan-Ulrich Kreft

Research output: Other contribution


There are numerous examples in different research fields where the use of the geometric mean is more appropriate than the arithmetic mean. However, the geometric mean has a serious limitation in comparison with the arithmetic mean. Means are used to summarize the information in a large set of values in a single number; yet, the geometric mean of a data set with at least one zero is always zero. As a result, the geometric mean does not capture any information about the non-zero values. The purpose of this short contribution is to review solutions proposed in the literature that enable the computation of the geometric mean of data sets containing zeros and to show that they do not fulfil the `recovery' or `monotonicity' conditions that we define. The standard geometric mean should be recovered from the modified geometric mean if the data set does not contain any zeros (recovery condition). Also, if the values of an ordered data set are greater one by one than the values of another data set then the modified geometric mean of the first data set must be greater than the modified geome tric mean of the second data set (monotonicity condition). We then formulate a modified version of the geometric mean that can handle zeros while satisfying both desired conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2019


Dive into the research topics of 'Geometric mean extension for data sets with zeros'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this