Generating monotone quantities for the heat equation

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The purpose of this article is to expose and further develop a simple yet surprisingly far-reaching framework for generating monotone quantities for positive solutions to linear heat equations in euclidean space. This framework is intimately connected to the existence of a rich variety of algebraic closure properties of families of sub/super-solutions, and more generally solutions of systems of differential inequalities capturing log-convexity properties such as the Li-Yau gradient estimate. Various applications are discussed, including connections with the general Brascamp-Lieb inequality and the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck semigroup.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37–63
Number of pages27
JournalJournal fuer die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik: Crelle's journal
Issue number756
Early online date8 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019


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