GASP XXXIII. The ability of spatially resolved data to distinguish among the different physical mechanisms affecting galaxies in low-density environments

B. Vulcani, B. M. Poggianti, A. Moretti, A. Franchetto, C. Bacchini, S. McGee, Y. L. Jaffe, M. Mingozzi, A. Werle, N. Tomicic, J. Fritz, D. Bettoni, A. Wolter, M. Gullieuszik

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Abstract

Galaxies inhabit a wide range of environments and therefore are affected by different physical mechanisms. Spatially resolved maps combined with the knowledge of the hosting environment are very powerful to classify galaxies by physical process. In the context of the GAs Stripping Phenomena in galaxies (GASP), we present a study of 27 non-cluster galaxies: 24 of them were selected for showing asymmetries and disturbances in the optical morphology, suggestive of gas stripping, three of them are passive galaxies and were included to characterize the final stages of galaxy evolution. We therefore provide a panorama of the different processes taking place in low-density environments. The analysis of VLT/MUSE data allows us to separate galaxies into the following categories: Galaxy-galaxy interactions (2 galaxies), mergers (6), ram pressure stripping (4), cosmic web stripping (2), cosmic web enhancement (5), gas accretion (3), starvation (3). In one galaxy we identify the combination of merger and ram pressure stripping. Only 6/27 of these galaxies have just a tentative classification. We then investigate where these galaxies are located on scaling relations determined for a sample of undisturbed galaxies. Our analysis shows the successes and limitations of a visual optical selection in identifying the processes that deplete galaxies of their gas content and probes the power of IFU data in pinning down the acting mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Number of pages32
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume914
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Field galaxies
  • Galaxies
  • Galaxy evolution
  • Galaxy formation
  • Galaxy groups
  • Star formation
  • Stellar kinematics
  • astro-ph.GA

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