Functional analysis of pneumolysin by use of monoclonal antibodies

J R de los Toyos, F J Méndez, J F Aparicio, F Vázquez, M Del Mar García Suárez, A Fleites, C Hardisson, P J Morgan, P W Andrew, T J Mitchell

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60 Citations (Scopus)


We have produced a panel of monoclonal antibodies to pneumolysin, the membrane-damaging toxin from Streptococcus pneumoniae. We have used these antibodies to identify three regions of the toxin sequence that are involved in the lytic mechanism of this toxin. Two of these sites probably form the cell binding site of this toxin. Antibodies to the third site inhibit the lytic action of this toxin but not the binding of this toxin to cells. This site is engaged in the oligomerization process involved in the formation of pores in cell membranes. Two of these epitopes are also present in the related toxin perfringolysin O.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-4
Number of pages5
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996


  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Erythrocytes
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Streptolysins


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