Full-scale measurement and analysis of train slipstreams and wakes. Part 2 Gust analysis

C. J. Baker, A. Quinn, M. Sima, L. Hoefener, R. Licciardello

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Part 1 of this paper reports results from the extensive full-scale slipstream measurements carried out as part of the AeroTRAIN project, and in particular concentrates on the ensemble analysis of this data. This paper concentrates on the analysis of maximum gusts, in order to make suggestions for modifications to the current technical specifications for interoperability (TSI) methodology. The very large data set obtained for one particular high-speed train type (the S-103) enabled the variation of slipstream gusts with vehicle speed and wind speed to be determined. It was also possible to carry out a statistical analysis of the gusts that enabled the standard uncertainty of the TSI gust parameter to be determined. It was shown that for most trains the maximum gusts occurred in the near wake of the train, but for double-unit trains the maximum gusts could occur around the gap between the units and for locomotive/coach combinations the maxima could occur around the nose of the locomotive or at the discontinuity between the train and the locomotive. Perhaps the most significant result, which could allow a considerable simplification of the TSI methodology, was that if both trackside and platform measurements for a particular train were plotted against height above the rail, then, with very few exceptions, they fell onto one curve, which implies that a trackside measurement could replace the current required platform measurement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-480
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part F Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit
Issue number5
Early online date14 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014


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