Full metal wideband cosecant squared pattern antenna with a highly compact hybrid feed network

Yunlong Lu, Mingjian Huang, Qingchun You, Lintong Xu, Yi Wang, Jifu Huang

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This paper presents a full metal wideband high-performance cosecant squared (CSC2) pattern antenna. A highly compact structure is achieved by a convoluted feeding network routed in multiple layers. Double metal-ridges are added to the flared radiation slot to reduce the aperture size of the antenna element. A line of forty such elements are excited by a full-corporate feed network arranged longitudinally, so as to form a phased array in the future. A hybrid of single-ridge waveguide and coaxial line in a sandwich structure is used to construct the feed network. The absorbing wedge loaded coupler and magic-T are incorporated into the feed network to achieve high isolation and large power-division ratio, thereby improving the stability of the amplitude and phase distribution. This ensures the desired CSC2 patterns over a wide frequency band. A prototype operating at C-band is designed, fabricated and measured. Experimental results show that the antenna has an impedance bandwidth (|S11|<-13.1 dB) from 6 GHz to 7.4 GHz. Stable CSC2 patterns in E-plane with the peak gain of over 16.5 dB and sidelobe level of less than -17.5 dB are observed across the same frequency band.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9762626
Pages (from-to)7885-7895
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number9
Early online date25 Apr 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Antenna arrays
  • Antenna feeds
  • Antenna radiation patterns
  • Cosecant squared pattern antenna
  • Metals
  • Phased arrays
  • Slot antennas
  • Wideband
  • full metal structure
  • full-corporate feed network
  • waveguide coaxial line
  • wideband antenna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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