Fresh Insights on the Structure of the Solar Core

S Basu, William Chaplin, Yvonne Elsworth, R New, AM Serenelli, M Aldo

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94 Citations (Scopus)


We present new results on the structure of the solar core, obtained with new sets of frequencies of solar low-degree p modes obtained from the BiSON network. We find that different methods used in extracting the different sets of frequencies cause shifts in frequencies, but the shifts are not large enough to affect solar structure results. We find that the BiSON frequencies show that the solar sound speed in the core is slightly larger than that inferred from data from Michelson Doppler Imager low-degree modes, and the uncertainties on the inversion results are smaller. Density results also change by a larger amount, and we find that solar models now tend to show smaller differences in density compared to the Sun. The result is seen at all radii, a result of the fact that conservation of mass implies that density differences in one region have to cancel out density differences in others, since our models are constructed to have the same mass as the Sun. The uncertainties on the density results are much smaller too. We attribute the change in results to having more, and lower frequency, low-degree mode frequencies available. These modes provide greater sensitivity to conditions in the core.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1403-1417
Number of pages15
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2009


  • Sun: helioseismology
  • Sun: abundances
  • Sun: interior


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