Free radicals and redox signalling in T-cells during chronic inflammation and ageing.

Helen Griffiths, CR Dunston, SJ Bennett, Melissa Grant, DC Phillips, George Kitas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


During chronic inflammation and ageing, the increase in oxidative stress in both intracellular and extracellular compartments is likely to influence local cell functions. Redox changes alter the T-cell proteome in a quantitative and qualitative manner, and post-translational modifications to surface and cytoplasmic proteins by increased reactive species can influence T-cell function. Previously, we have shown that RA (rheumatoid arthritis) T-cells exhibit reduced ROS (reactive oxygen species) production in response to extracellular stimulation compared with age-matched controls, and basal ROS levels [measured as DCF (2',7'-dichlorofluorescein) fluorescence] are lower in RA T-cells. In contrast, exposing T-cells in vitro to different extracellular redox environments modulates intracellular signalling and enhances cytokine secretion. Together, these data suggest that a complex relationship exists between intra- and extra-cellular redox compartments which contribute to the T-cell phenotype.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1273-8
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Society Transactions
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011


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