Forward models for physiological motor control

R. C. Miall*, D. M. Wolpert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1293 Citations (Scopus)


Based on theoretical and computational studies it has been suggested that the central nervous system (CNS) internally simulates the behaviour of the motor system in planning, control and learning. Such an internal 'forward' model is a representation of the motor system that uses the current state of the motor system and motor command to predict the next state. We will outline the uses of such internal models for solving several fundamental computational problems in motor control and then review the evidence for their existence and use by the CNS. Finally we speculate how the location of an internal model within the CNS may be identifed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1265-1279
Number of pages15
JournalNeural Networks
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996


  • arm movement
  • cerebellum
  • forward models
  • internal models
  • motor control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence


Dive into the research topics of 'Forward models for physiological motor control'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this