Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and other aldehyde emissions from HCCI/SI gasoline engine equipped with prototype catalyst

Ahmad Hasan, Ahmad Abu-Jrai, Ala'a Al-Muhtaseb, Athanasios Tsolakis, Hongming Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this study a qualitative and quantitative analysis of carbonyl compound emissions from exhaust gas of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) and spark ignition (SI) engines, trapped on dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) solution, were investigated. The hydrazine formed were analysed by means of HPLC and detected with ultraviolet (UV) detector. 15 standards of carbonyl – DNPH derivatives were identified and compared with engine emissions before and after catalyst. Emissions compounds such as formaldehyde (HCHO), acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), and acrolein (H2=CHCHO) are of interest to the scientific and regulatory communities due to their suspected or likely impacts on human health. The frequent exhaust products of the two engine operation modes were, acetaldehyde followed by acrolein, mtolualdehyde,
benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) and formaldehyde; other aldehydes in the exhaust gas were
observed to be very small. The percentage contribution of carbonyl compounds to the total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions in this study lies between 2.6–4.5% for HCCI stoichiometric and 5.5–8.4% for HCCI lean operation. These results indicate that engine-operating conditions appear to exert a strong influence on the total mass emissions of carbonyls measured before catalyst. The prototype catalytic converter eliminates most of the carbonyls species in the exhaust in both combustion modes except for acetaldehyde species, a negative conversion presented for all engine conditions. A prototype catalyst showed high efficient conversion on aromatic and unsaturated aldehyde for both engine mode
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249–256
Number of pages8
Early online date8 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • Formaldehyde
  • Acetaldehyde
  • Acrolein
  • Emissions
  • Catalytic converter
  • HCCI/SI gasoline engine


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