Forecasting return of used products for remanufacturing using Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique (GERT)

Li Zhou, Jiaping Xie, Xiaoyu Gu, Yong Lin, Petros Ieromonachou, Xiaole Zhang

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Abstract

This research develops a forecasting model that can predict the quantity, time and probability of product return, recyclable parts/components/materials and disposal. It adopts the Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique (GERT) by translating the remanufacturing operational process into a stochastic network. This stochastic network possesses two characteristics: activities having a probability of occurrence associated with them; and time to perform an activity. Together with the GERT method, Mason's rule is applied to calculate the equivalence transfer function of the system, therefore predicting the desired outcomes. A generic eight-step process on how to implement this method in any structure of return products and remanufacturing network is provided. A numerical example is presented to demonstrate the result of using GERT on forecasting printer remanufacturing outcomes. The main contribution of this research is: Instead of giving one result such as either return quantity, or time, or probability, our research can forecast three of these outcomes simultaneously, and the algorithm is generalised to be applicable to any product structure and remanufacturing network.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-324
JournalInternational Journal of Production Economics
Volume181
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

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