Forced migration, sexual and gender-based violence and integration: effects, risks and protective factors

Jenny Phillimore, Karen Block, Hannah Bradby, Saime Ozcurumez, Anna Papoutsi

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This paper is the first to use empirical evidence to directly examine the relationship between sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and multi-dimensional processes of integration of forced migrant SGBV survivors. While it is acknowledged that forced migrants are subjected to a continuum of violence, including SGBV, during the refugee journey, little is known about the long-term impact of SGBV and how it might be mitigated. Our paper, drawing on empirical evidence from 255 interviews with migrants and stakeholders in Australia, the UK, Sweden and Turkey, documented in detail the complex interactions between SGBV and integration using the Indicators of Integration framework. By bringing together the literature on the continuum of violence, SGBV and the Indicators of Integration framework, we identify, on the one hand, the impact of SGBV on integration, and, on the other, how the indicators framework can be used to identify protective and risk factors for forced migrant survivors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of International Migration and Integration
Early online date15 Jun 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The SEREDA project is funded by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond as part of the Europe and Global Challenges Programme and Lansons.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


  • Forced migration
  • Sexual and gender based violence
  • Integration
  • Indicators of integration framework


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