An intercomparison has been performed on the coarse (>2.5 mum) and fine fraction (0.1 ppbv(2)), significantly negative sampling artefacts are observed for both nitrate and ammonium concentrations obtained with the impactor relative to the filter pack. Nevertheless, it is shown that both filter pack and MOUDI are capable of collecting ammonium nitrate from polluted air masses although the absolute efficiency is unknown. From the measurements obtained with the MOUDI in summertime at both coastal and inland sites, it is observed that about 64% of collected particle nitrate is present in the coarse (> 2.5 mum) mode; but in wintertime, only about 29% of particle nitrate is found to reside in the coarse particles collected at the inland site. The lower efficiency of the MOUDI for ammonium nitrate relative to the Teflon filter is in marked contrast to the reported higher efficiency of the Berner impactor than the Teflon filter for sampling nitrate from polluted air. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.