Face scanning and spontaneous emotion preference in Cornelia de Lange syndrome and Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome

Hayley Crawford, Joanna Moss, Joseph P. McCleery, Giles M. Anderson, Chris Oliver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
99 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Existing literature suggests differences in face scanning in individuals with different socio-behavioural characteristics. Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) and Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) are two genetically defined neurodevelopmental disorders with unique profiles of social behaviour.

METHODS: Here, we examine eye gaze to the eye and mouth regions of neutrally expressive faces, as well as the spontaneous visual preference for happy and disgusted facial expressions compared to neutral faces, in individuals with CdLS versus RTS.

RESULTS: Results indicate that the amount of time spent looking at the eye and mouth regions of faces was similar in 15 individuals with CdLS and 17 individuals with RTS. Both participant groups also showed a similar pattern of spontaneous visual preference for emotions.

CONCLUSIONS: These results provide insight into two rare, genetically defined neurodevelopmental disorders that have been reported to exhibit contrasting socio-behavioural characteristics and suggest that differences in social behaviour may not be sufficient to predict attention to the eye region of faces. These results also suggest that differences in the social behaviours of these two groups may be cognitively mediated rather than subcortically mediated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
JournalJournal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Cornelia de Lange syndrome
  • Emotion preference
  • Eye gaze
  • Eye-tracking
  • Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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