Fabrication of sub-micron protein-chitosan electrostatic complexes for encapsulation and pH-Modulated delivery of model hydrophilic active compounds

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Abstract

Electrostatic sub-micron complexes of a protein (sodium caseinate (NaCAS) or bovine serum albumin (BSA)) and a polysaccharide (chitosan) were fabricated by associative phase separation and investigated for use in encapsulation and pH-triggered delivery applications. Various factors have been studied with respect to the extent of complexing and the size and morphology of the complexes produced, including protein type and the biopolymer mixing ratio. The effect of applying ultrasound has been considered with a view to comminuting precipitates produced under low shear to the colloidal scale to form coacervates. A simple model is suggested to explain how the biopolymer mixing ratio influences the ability for application of ultrasound to convert macroscopically phase-separated complex precipitates into coacervates. Different factors, both from a formulation and processing viewpoint, were studied with respect to encapsulation efficiency (EE) of model hydrophilic actives: fluorescein, rhodamine B, and riboflavin. Release of fluorescein and rhodamine B was measured as function of pH in order to investigate the pH-responsive molecular release capability of the fabricated structures. It is envisaged this work will add to the current tool-box of pH-responsive molecular delivery approaches, including those in the areas of foods, pharmaceuticals, and agrochemicals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-260
JournalFood Hydrocolloids
Volume53
Early online date18 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Chitosan
  • Caseinate
  • BSA
  • Complexes
  • Coacervates
  • Ultrasound
  • Sonication
  • Sub-micron
  • Encapsulation
  • pH
  • Actives
  • Colloidal
  • Colloids
  • Controlled
  • Targeted
  • Delivery
  • Release
  • Agrochemicals
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Food
  • Modulated
  • Triggered

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