Exploring the Social-Environmental Determinants of Well- and III-Being in Dancers: A Test of Basic Needs Theory

Eleanor Quested, Joan Duda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)


Grounded in the basic needs mini-theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), this study examined the interplay among perceptions of the social environment manifested in vocational dance schools, basic need satisfaction, and indices of elite dancers' well- and ill-being. The hypothesized mediating role of need satisfaction was also tested. Dancers (N = 392) completed a questionnaire tapping the targeted variables. Structural equation modeling supported a model in which perceptions of task-involving dance environments positively predicted need satisfaction. Perceived ego-involving climates negatively corresponded with competence and relatedness. Perceptions of autonomy support were positively related to autonomy and relatedness. Need satisfaction positively predicted positive affect. Competence and relatedness satisfaction corresponded negatively to reported negative affect. Emotional and physical exhaustion was not related to need satisfaction. Partial support emerged for the assumed mediation of the needs. Results highlight the relevance of task-involving and autonomy-supportive dance climates for elite dancers' need satisfaction and healthful engagement in vocational dance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-60
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • autonomy support
  • motivational climate
  • need satisfaction
  • well-being
  • self-determination theory
  • confirmatory factor-analysis
  • perceived
  • psychological needs
  • physical-education
  • athlete burnout
  • psychometric properties
  • intrinsic
  • motivation
  • negative affect


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