This paper explores the regional innovation ecosystem (RIE) in an effort to fully understand its static and dynamic nature. We investigate how organisations coevolve within an ecosystem and how it affects their ecosystems. Based on a longitudinal, qualitative in-depth case study analysis of the three most representative Chinese RIEs, we empirically explore and validate a 4C framework. The framework includes construct, cooperation, configuration and capability and offers insights into 1) a better redistribution of roles and coordination of ecosystem resources, 2) delivering a better understanding of the dynamic and co-evolution nature of ecosystem development and 3) inspiring the practitioners to further explore their complementary partners. The key findings suggest importance of within- and inter-RIE complementarity-based collaboration, which – with appropriate and well-informed governmental support – can significantly boost the national innovation system.
- regional innovation ecosystem
- case study
- 4C framework