Expectancy of Success, Attainment Value, Engagement, and Achievement: A Moderated Mediation Analysis

David Putwain, Laura Nicholson, Reinhard Pekrun, Sandra Becker, Wendy Symes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)
    274 Downloads (Pure)


    The aim of this study was to examine how expectancy of success, attainment value, and their interaction predicted behavioural engagement, and how behavioural engagement, in turn, predicted achievement. Data were collected from 586 English students aged 10–11 years in their final year of primary school. Expectancy of success was positively related to subsequent achievement directly and indirectly, mediated by behavioural engagement, over and above the variance accounted for by prior achievement and behavioural engagement. Indirect relations from expectancy of success to achievement were moderated by attainment value. Higher attainment value protected performance from low expectancy of success by increasing behavioural engagement. The compensatory role of high attainment value diminished at higher levels of expectancy of success.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)117-125
    Number of pages9
    JournalLearning and Instruction
    Early online date17 Jan 2019
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


    • Academic achievement
    • Attainment value
    • Behavioural engagement
    • Expectancy of success
    • Expectancy-value theory

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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