OBJECTIVE: As renal transplantation continues to evolve, there appears to be a change in both donor and recipient populations. Traditional markers of high-risk donor (e.g. donation after cardiac death [DCD]/expanded criteria donor [ECD]) and recipient (e.g. obese, highly sensitized) operations appear to be more common without any noticeable worsening of patient outcome. The present study aimed to compare outcome and define the change in donor and recipient populations for cadaveric transplants over a 10-year period at a large U.K. center.
METHODS: Single-center analysis of all adult patients undergoing cadaveric renal transplantation between January 2004 and January 2014 (n = 754). Transplants were divided into 3 groups (early, middle, and late) depending on the era, with donor, recipient and outcomes compared.
RESULTS: There were considerable changes in both donor and recipient factors between the 3 eras, with a greater proportion of high-risk operations performed, as reflected by significant increases in Donor Risk Index (median: 1.11-1.16, P = .022), and the proportions of ECD (22.2%-33.9%, P = .003) and DCD kidneys (10.8%-19.4% P = .011). However, 1-year graft survival was comparable between the eras, with a decrease in the average 1-year serum creatinine between the early and late cohort (median: 161 μmol/L vs 132 μmol/L, P < .001). There was no significant increase in body mass index (BMI) in either the donor or recipient population across the eras.
CONCLUSION: Improvement in transplant outcome continues despite a greater proportion of transplants previously considered as high risk being performed. This is likely to reflect a considerable improvement in pre- and postoperative management. BMI remains a major continuing block to transplantation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Early online date||19 Aug 2015|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Aug 2015|