Epigenetic biomarkers in progression from non-dysplastic Barrett’s Oesophagus to oesophageal adenocarcinoma: A systematic review protocol

Tom Nieto, Claire L Tomlinson, Janine Dretzke, Susan Bayliss, Mark Dilworth, Andrew Beggs, Olga Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
112 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction Barrett's Oesophagus (BO), a metaplastic condition affecting the lower oesophagus due to long standing gastro-oesophageal reflux and chronic inflammation, is a precursor lesion for oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OADC). There is no clinical test to predict which patients with BO will progress to OADC. The British Society of Gastroenterology recommend endoscopic surveillance of patients with BO. Epigenetic changes have been well characterised in the neoplastic progression of ulcerative colitis to colonic carcinoma, another gastrointestinal cancer associated with chronic inflammation. This systematic review protocol aims to identify and evaluate studies which examine epigenetic biomarkers in BO and their association with progression to OADC.

Methods and analysis All prospective and retrospective primary studies, and existing systematic reviews investigating epigenetic markers including DNA methylation, histone modification, chromatin remodelling, micro and non-coding RNAs of all types will be eligible for inclusion. Eligible patients are those over the age of 18 with BO, BO with dysplasia, OADC or unspecified oesophageal cancer. A comprehensive search of bibliographic databases using combinations of text and index words relating to the population, prognostic markers and outcome will be undertaken with no language restrictions. Results will be screened by 2 independent reviewers and data extracted using a standardised proforma. The quality and risk of bias of individual studies will be assessed using the Quality in Prognostic Studies (QUIPS) tool. A narrative synthesis of all evidence will be performed with key findings tabulated. Meta-analysis will be considered where studies and reported outcomes are considered sufficiently homogenous, both clinically and methodologically. Findings will be interpreted in the context of the quality of included studies. The systematic review will be reported according to PRISMA guidelines.

Ethics and dissemination This is a systematic review of completed studies and no ethical approval is required. Findings from the full systematic review will be submitted for publication and presentation at national and international conferences which will inform future research on risk stratification in patients with BO.

Registration number International Prospective Register for Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) number CRD42016038654

Strengths and limitations of this systematic review protocol
Strengths:
• Systematic review protocol following PRISMA-P guidelines, including description of key methodological steps
• Rationale for a new systematic review in this area based on scoping searches.
• Exhaustive search strategy likely to capture all relevant published literature on epigenetic markers for progression of BO and OADC.
Limitations:
• Heterogeneity of published research anticipated (differing epigenetic biomarkers studied, variation of study design, sampling methods and follow up length).
• Above may limit certain epigenetic markers to narrative evidence synthesis
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ open
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Epigenetics
  • Barrett’s
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Systematic Review

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