Encapsulation of nodal cuttings and shoot tips for storage and exchange of cassava germplasm.

Kenneth Danso, Brian Ford-Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)


We report the encapsulation of in vitro-derived nodal cuttings or shoot tips of cassava in 3% calcium alginate for storage and germplasm exchange purposes. Shoot regrowth was not significantly affected by the concentration of sucrose in the alginate matrix while root formation was. In contrast, increasing the sucrose concentration in the calcium chloride polymerisation medium significantly reduced regrowth from encapsulated nodal cuttings of accession TME 60444. Supplementing the alginate matrix with increased concentrations of 6-benzylaminopurine and alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid enhanced complete plant regrowth within 2 weeks. Furthermore, plant regrowth by encapsulated nodal cuttings and shoot tips was significantly affected by the duration of the storage period as shoot recovery decreased from almost 100% to 73.3% for encapsulated nodal cuttings and 94.4% to 60% for shoot tips after 28 days of storage. The high frequency of plant regrowth from alginate-coated micropropagules coupled with high viability percentage after 28 days of storage is highly encouraging for the exchange of cassava genetic resources. Such encapsulated micropropagules could be used as an alternative to synthetic seeds derived from somatic embryos.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-25
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2003


  • cassava
  • shoot tip
  • germplasm storage
  • nodal cutting
  • encapsulation


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