Employment programmes for the poor and female empowerment: the effect of NREGS on gender-based violence in India

Sofia Amaral, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay, Rudra Sensarma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The introduction of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) in India increased employment opportunities for the poor and even more so for poor women. In this article, we analyze the relationship between female labour participation and violence against women. Using district-time variation in the implementation of this anti-poverty programme, we estimate the effect of improved participation and access to the employment of women on gender-based violence. We find evidence that increased female labour participation following the NREGS has increased total gender-based violence. There have been increases in kidnappings, sexual harassments and domestic violence, while dowry deaths have decreased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-218
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Interdisciplinary Economics
Volume27
Issue number2
Early online date26 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Employment
  • Female employment
  • Gender-based violence
  • NREGS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

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