Empirical comparison of hazard models in predicting SMEs failure

Jairaj Gupta, Andros Gregoriou, Tahera Ebrahimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
496 Downloads (Pure)


This study aims to shed light on the debate concerning the choice between discrete-time and continuous-time hazard models in making bankruptcy or any binary prediction using interval censored data. Building on the theoretical suggestions from various disciplines, we empirically compare widely used discrete-time hazard models (with logit and clog-log links) and continuous-time Cox Proportional Hazards (CPH) model in predicting bankruptcy and financial distress of the United States Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). Consistent with the theoretical arguments, we report that discrete-time hazard models are superior to continuous-time CPH model in making binary predictions using interval censored data. Moreover, hazard models developed using failure definition based jointly on bankruptcy laws and firms’ financial health exhibit superior goodness of fit and classification measures, in comparison to models that employ failure definition based either on bankruptcy laws or firms’ financial health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-466
JournalQuantitative Finance
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2017


  • Discrete Hazard Models
  • SMEs
  • Bankruptcy
  • Financial Distress
  • Cox Proportional Hazard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance


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