Sulphur, boron and phosphorous containing electrolyte additives were evaluated in cells containing pristine electrodes from a commercial EV lithium ion cell against a standard baseline electrolyte. Following formation and a full cell ageing step, cycling performance and impedance spectroscopy were used to elucidate the most effective additives. The additive tris trimethyl silyl phosphite (TTSPi) showed the most promise; with improved cell capacities and reduced impedances observed after formation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements on anode elemental surface profiles were correlated with the electrochemical performance. It was observed that increased lithium fluoride content on the surface of the anodes typically produced cells with lower impedance. Sulphur containing additives also showed improved cell behaviours; and the decomposition and chemical reactions of these compounds at the anode surface is discussed in detail. The main influence of TTSPi was to reduce the amount of oxygen (C=O) and sulphur in the electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer; to be replaced with hydrocarbons.
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jun 2020|