UNLABELLED: Background and rationale. The REPLACE study (NCT01571583) investigated telaprevir-based triple therapy in patients who have recurrent genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection following liver transplantation and are on a stable immunosuppressant regimen of tacrolimus or cyclosporin A. Patients received telaprevir 750 mg 8-hourly with pegylated interferon 180 ?g weekly and ribavirin 600 mg daily, followed by a further 36 weeks of pegylated interferon and ribavirin alone and 24 weeks of follow-up. Efficacy (sustained virological response [SVR] 12 weeks after last planned study dose), safety and tolerability of telaprevir throughout the study were assessed. Pharmacokinetics of telaprevir, tacrolimus and cyclosporin A were also examined.
RESULTS: In total, 74 patients were recruited. Overall, 72% (53/74; 95% CI: 59.9 to 81.5) of patients achieved SVR at 12 weeks following completion of treatment. Anticipated increases in plasma concentrations of tacrolimus and cyclosporin A occurred during telaprevir treatment and were successfully managed through immunosuppressant dose reduction and, for tacrolimus, reduced dosing frequency. Safety and tolerability of telaprevir-based triple therapy were generally comparable with previous data in non-transplant patients, although rates of reported anemia (55% [41/74]) were higher. Elevated plasma creatinine (46% [34/74]) was observed during REPLACE - consistent with the post-liver transplant population and the co-administered immunosuppressants.
CONCLUSION: Telaprevir-based triple therapy in patients with recurrent genotype 1 HCV infection following liver transplantation produced high rates of SVR. Therapeutic concentrations of immunosuppressants were maintained successfully through dose modification during telaprevir treatment.