The influence of the sub-endothelial basement membrane (BM) on the adhesion and migration of leukocytes is not well-defined. We therefore investigated the behaviour of human neutrophils on purified BM proteins and on BM deposited by short- or long-term cultures of endothelial cells (EC). The adhesion, but not migration velocities, of neutrophils activated with interleukin-8 was dependent on the coating concentrations of purified collagen, laminin or fibronectin. In contrast, adhesion was similar on matrices deposited by 3-day or 20-day cultures of EC, but neutrophils migrated more slowly on the distinct BM that formed over 20 days. In addition, while adhesion on all surfaces was greatly reduced when neutrophils were treated with antibody against beta(2)-integrins, antibody against beta(1)-integrins only inhibited adhesion to the 20-day BM. Thus, the native BM has distinct effects on integrin usage and migration by neutrophils, which are not reproduced by purified proteins or matrix deposited early during endothelial culture.
- extracellular matrix
- basement membrane