Effects of domain dissection on the folding and stability of the 43 kDa protein PGK probed by NMR

Michelle Thompson, AM Hounslow, KH Sze, IG Barsukov, LLP Hosszu, AR Clarke, CJ Craven, JP Waltho

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35 Citations (Scopus)


The characterization of early folding intermediates is key to understanding the protein folding process. Previous studies of the N-domain of phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) from Bacillus stearothermophilus combined equilibrium amide exchange data with a kinetic model derived from stopped-flow kinetics. Together, these implied the rapid formation of an intermediate with extensive native-like hydrogen bonding. However, there was an absence of protection in the region proximal to the C-domain in the intact protein. We now report data for the intact PGK molecule, which at 394 residues constitutes a major extension to the protein size for which such data can be acquired. The methods utilised to achieve the backbone assignment are described in detail, including a semi-automated protocol based on a simulated annealing Monte Carlo technique. A substantial increase in the stability of the contact region is observed, allowing protection to be inferred on both faces of the beta-sheet in the intermediate. Thus, the entire N-domain acts concertedly in the formation of the kinetic refolding intermediate rather than there existing a distinct local folding nucleus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1189-1201
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2003


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