Effect of yttria inclusion on room temperature tensile properties of investment cast TiAl

Bochao Lin, Renci Liu, Qing Jia, Yuyou Cui, Paul A. Withey, Rui Yang

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11 Citations (Scopus)
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Yttria is the best face coat material in the shell mold for the investment casting of γ-TiAl alloys. However, yttria inclusions may occur in the cast products and there is a lack of knowledge about the influence of yttria inclusions on the mechanical properties of TiAl. In the present study, the effect of yttria inclusions on room temperature tensile properties of two investment cast TiAl alloys, Ti-45Al-2Mn-2Nb (at%) + 0.08 vol% TiB2 and Ti-46 Al-2 Nb-2Cr-0.15B (at%), were studied. The results show that tensile failure tends to initiate from yttria inclusions, resulting in reduced plastic strain and ultimate strength. Yttria inclusions differ in location (surface /internal), size, and morphology (agglomerate /whole piece), those with larger sizes or located at the sample surface being more harmful. The tensile properties of inclusion containing TiAl parts can be estimated using the size and location determined by X-ray inspection. The critical size at which inclusions become detrimental to the mechanical properties of TiAl was discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Early online date26 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2018


  • TiAI
  • investment casting
  • yttria inclusion
  • tensile properties


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