Effect of time to primary repair on final visual outcome after open globe injury

Richard Blanch, Jon Bishop, Hedayat Javidi, Phil Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
292 Downloads (Pure)


Background/Aim Historic data suggest that open globe injuries should be repaired within 12–24 hours to reduce the risk of endophthalmitis. However, endophthalmitis is uncommon when systemic antibiotic prophylaxis is given. It is not clear whether delayed primary repair impacts visual outcomes in other ways or what is the optimum time to repair. We aimed to examine the effect of time to primary repair on visual outcomes.

Methods This is a retrospective comparative case series including all open globe injuries presenting to the Birmingham Midland Eye Centre between 1 January 2014 and 15 March 2016. Presenting features, mechanism of injury, visual acuity at 6–12 months and demographic data were examined.

Results 56 open globe injuries were repaired, of which sufficient data for analysis were available on 52 cases. The mean time to primary repair was 1 day after injury (range 5 hours to 7 days). Final visual acuity at 6–12 months was related to the presenting visual acuity and the Ocular Trauma Score and to the time between injury and primary repair, with a reduction in predicted visual acuity of logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution of 0.37 for every 24 hours of delay (95% CI 0.14 to 0.6).

Discussion Open globe injuries should be repaired promptly. Presenting visual acuity remains the strongest predictor of outcome; however, delay to primary repair also reduced final visual acuity, and any significant delay from injury to repair is likely to negatively impact final visual outcome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1491-1494
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number10
Early online date12 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sept 2019


  • trauma
  • treatment surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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