Effect of the electrochemical characteristics of titanium on the adsorption kinetics of albumin

Evangelos Liamas, Owen R. T. Thomas, Anna Igual Muñoz, Zhenyu J. Zhang

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An electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) was used to examine the electrochemical behaviour of pure titanium in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and PBS-containing bovine serum albumin (BSA) solutions, and the associated adsorption characteristics of BSA under cathodic and anodic applied potentials. It was found that the electrochemical behaviours of bulk titanium substrate and titanium-coated QCM sensors are slightly different in PBS buffer solution, which is attributed to the difference in their surface roughness. The oxide film formed on the surface of the QCM sensor during potentiostatic tests was found to affect its electrochemical behaviour, while cathodic cleaning is not sufficient to have it removed. Lastly, the excessive amount of electrons on the titanium surface upon application of a cathodic potential could result in the desorption of BSA due to electrostatic repulsion and protein dehydration. In contrast, application of anodic potential charges the titanium surface positively and can facilitate protein adsorption when the surface is not saturated with protein.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34265-34273
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number59
Early online date24 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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