Effect of supplementation of recombinant Regucalcin in extender on cryopreservation of spermatozoa of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

Harikrishna Pillai, Mehtab S Parmar, Ashish M Shende, Jobin Thomas, Harikumar S Sharma, Taru Sharma G, Arumugam Kumaresan, Sanjeev K Bhure, Subrata Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Elevated intracellular calcium concentration and oxidative damage are two major factors contributing to the poor fertility of cryopreserved spermatozoa. Regucalcin (RGN), also known as Senescence marker protein-30 (SMP-30), is a calcium-binding protein with multiple roles that include calcium homeostasis, anti-oxidative, anti-apoptosis, and anti-proliferation. In Drosophila, RGN is reportedly a putative cold-tolerance gene and a cytoprotective role for RGN against intracellular calcium elevation and oxidative stress was reported in P19 cell lines. Given that RGN has anticapacitatory effect and abundant in the male reproductive tract, we hypothesized that it may play a cryoprotective role for spermatozoa. We investigated this by including RGN, at three different concentrations (20, 40, and 60 μg/ml), as a supplement for Tris-egg yolk-based semen extender. Post-thaw metrics of progressive motility, acrosome integrity, and zona pellucida binding of spermatozoa were evaluated for three ejaculates of three clinically normal, breeding Murrah buffaloes. A concentration of 40 μg/ml of recombinant RGN supplemented during sperm freezing resulted in significant increases in the post-thaw progressive motility of spermatozoa (50.6 ± 3.5% vs 40.6 ± 2.6%; p < 0.01), acrosome integrity (53.3 ± 7.4 vs 75.6 ± 6.8; p < 0.05), and zona pellucida binding (31.6 ± 14.0 vs 191.9 ± 12.3 bound spermatozoa; p < 0.01) compared to control conditions without RGN. Thus, ∼1 μM recombinant RGN, which retains the ability to bind calcium, has a cryoprotective effect for buffalo spermatozoa in extender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1133-1139
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Issue number11
Early online date7 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sept 2017


  • Journal Article
  • calcium homeostasis
  • reactive oxygen species
  • senescence marker protein-30


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