Plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) enhanced phytoremediation (PEP) is an attractive remedial strategy for the remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and heavy metal (HM) contaminated sites. The effect of PGPB; Pseudomonas putida UW4 inoculation on the phytoremediation efficiency of Medicago sativa, Festuca arundinacea, Lolium perenne, and mixed plants (L. perenne and F. arundinacea) was assessed. This involved two contaminant treatments; “PAH” (phenanthrene; 300 mg·kg −1 , fluoranthene; 200 mg·kg −1 , and benzo[a]pyrene; 5 mg·kg −1 ) and “PAH + HM” (‘PAH’ treatments +100 mg of Pb/kg). PGPB inoculation significantly enhanced root biomass yield of F. arundinacea in PAH treatment, and the mixed plant shoot biomass and L. perenne root biomass yields of the PAH + HM treatment. PGPB significantly enhanced dissipation of phenanthrene and fluoranthene for M. sativa-PAH + PGPB treatment and fluoranthene for F. arundinacea-PAH + HM + PGPB treatment. In others, PGPB inoculation either had no impact or inhibited PAH dissipation. PAH dissipation for the single and mixed plant treatments with PGPB inoculation were not different. The efficiency of PEP is dependent on different factors such as PGPB inoculum biomass, plant species, plant–microbe specificity and type of contaminants. Exploiting PEP technology would require proper understanding of plant tolerance and growth promoting mechanisms, and rhizosphere activities.
- Plant growth promoting bacteria
- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
- Pseudomonas putida UW4
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Plant Science