Effect of Injection Speed on Oocyte Deformation in ICSI

Amir M Hajiyavand, Mozafar Saadat, Alessandro Abena, Ferhat Sadak, Xiaochen Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
139 Downloads (Pure)


Oocyte deformation during injection is a major cause of potential cell damage which can lead to failure in the Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) operation used as an infertility treatment. Injection speed plays an important role in the deformation creation. In this paper the effect of different speeds on deformation of zebrafish embryos is studied using a specially designed experimental set-up. An analytical model is developed in order to link injection force, deformation, and injection speed. A finite element (FE) model is also developed to analyse the effect of injection speed, allowing the production of additional information that is difficult to obtain experimentally, e.g., deformation and stress fields on the oocyte. The numerical model is validated against experimental results. Experimental results indicate that by increasing the injection speed, the deformation decreases. However, higher speeds cause higher levels of injection force and force fluctuation, leading to a higher vibration during injection. For this reason, an optimum injection speed range is determined. Finally, the FE model was validated against experimental results. The FE model is able to predict the force-deformation variation during injection for different speeds. This proves to be useful for future studies investigating different injection conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number226
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2019


  • Finite Element Method (FEM)
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
  • cell deformation
  • injection force
  • injection speed
  • vibrations


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