A finite element approach is extended to study the ground vibrations induced by metro trains and their propagation properties. Two dynamic interaction models are established: the two-dimensional train-track interaction model, which provides the excitation loads of moving trains onto the tunnel structure, and the three-dimensional track-tunnel-ground interaction model, by which the propagation properties of ground accelerations and velocities are analyzed. The results show that there exists a vibration amplifying area in certain distance away from the tunnel center, and the dominant frequencies of the ground vibration concentrate in a certain range. Buildings located in that area with their natural frequencies falling in the specific frequency range will be sensitive to the ground vibrations induced by metro trains.
|Journal||International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2007|